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Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation whose landscape spans low-lying plains, the Mekong Delta, mountains and Gulf of Thailand coastline. Its busy capital, Phnom Penh, is home to the art deco Central Market, glittering Royal Palace and the National Museum's historical and archaeological exhibits. In the country's northwest lie ruins of Angkor Wat, a massive stone temple complex built during the Khmer Empire. Capital: Phnom Penh Currency: Cambodian riel Population: 15.14 million (2013) World Bank King: Norodom Sihamoni Official language: Khmer

Cambodia (Kambodia)

Official name (from 1993) of the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Khmer Preah access Anna Buck Kampuchea. Formerly Kampuchea (1975-1989) and the Khmer Republic (1970-5)
Local name Cambodia
All times are GMT + 7
181 035 square kilometers area / 69 879 square miles
Total population (2002e) 13 414 000
Kingdom Center
Date of Independence in 1953
Phnom Penh, the capital,
Languages ​​Khmer (official), French
Khmer ethnic groups (93%), and Chinese (3%), Sham (2%)
Religions Theravada Buddhism (88%), and Muslim (2%)
Physical properties Kingdom in Southeast Asia. E crossed by flooding of the Mekong River R; Cardamom mountain range 160 km / 100 miles across the border Thailand, rising to 1813 m / 5948 feet in the Ural Penh. Tonle Sap (Greek lake) in the NW.
Climate tropical monsoon climate, with a wet season (May to September). High temperatures in the low region throughout the year. The average annual temperature 21 ° C (in January), 29 ° C (July); the average annual rainfall of 5000 mm / 71 (SW), 1300 mm / 51 in (internal low-land).
Currency 1 Riel (KHR) = 100 sen
The economy of most of the population working in subsistence, rice and corn cultivation. Industrial Development disrupted by the civil war.
GDP (2002e) 20 $ · 42 billion and per capita $ 1,600
Human Development Index (2002) 0 · 543
Date originally part of the Kingdom of Funan, which was part of the Khmer Empire, 6TH- c; in a dispute with the Vietnamese and Thais from the 15-c; a French protectorate in 1863. formed French Indochina Union with Laos and Vietnam. 1887; independence in 1953; Prince Sihanouk deposed and formed the Khmer Republic in 1970; the fighting across the country forces involving of N and S Vietnam and the United States of America; surrender of Phnom Penh to the Khmer Rouge, and renaming the country Kampuchea 0.1975; an attempt to reform the economy on cooperative lines by Pol Pot (1975-8) caused the deaths of an estimated 3 million people. 1977-8 more fighting. Phnom Penh that have been captured by the Vietnamese, in which the Khmer Rouge caused to flee 0.1979; 1981 establishment of the Constitution of the State Council and Council of Ministers. Name Cambodia regain 0.1989; Vietnamese troops completed a withdrawal, 1989; and approved the United Nations peace plan, with the cease-fire and the return of Sihanouk as head of state, 1991; Sihanouk was crowned King, 1993; more of the following conflicts Khmer Rouge refused to participate in elections in 1993. After eleven months of political deadlock, the two main parties agreed to form a coalition government, 2004; King Sihanouk waiver, in October 2004, Prince Norodom Sihamoni a successor is appointed.

 

Head of State

Monarch – Kingdom of Cambodia (Head of State)
2004– Norodom Sihamoni
2004 Norodom Ranariddh Interim
1993–2004 Norodom Sihanouk II (restored)
Interim Government
Chairman of the Supreme National Council
1991–3 Norodom Sihanouk
State of Kampuchea
1989–91 Heng Samrin
1982–91 Norodom Sihanouk Government in exile
People’s Republic of Kampuchea (1979)
1981–89 Heng Samrin
Democratic Kampuchea
1976–81 Khieu Samphan
1975–6 Norodom Sihanouk
Khmer Republic
1972–5 Lon Nol
1970–2 Cheng Heng Acting
1970–5 Norodom Sihanouk Government in exile

Kingdom of Cambodia – Monarch

1960–70 Norodom Sihanouk
1955–60 Norodom Suramarit
1941–55 Norodom Sihanouk II
1927–41 Monivong
1904–27 Sisovath
1860–1904 Norodom
1841–60 Ang Duong
1834–41 Ang Mey
1796–1834 Ang Chan II
1779–96 Ang Eng
1775–9 Ang Non II
1758–75 Prea Outey II
1755–8 Ang Ton (restored)
1749–55 Chettha V
1747–9 Ang Ton
1738–47 Thommo Reachea (restored)
1722–38 Satha Ang Chei
1703–22 Civil war
1702–03 Thommo Reachea
1701–02 Chettha IV (restored)
1699–1701 Ang Em
1695–9 Chettha IV (restored)
1695 Outey I
1675–95 Chettha IV
1674–5 Obbarac Ang Non
1673–4 Ang Chei
1672–3 Chettha III
1659–72 Batom Reachea
1642–59 Chan Rama Thupdey
1640–2 Ang Non I
1630–40 Ponhea Nu
1628–30 Ponhea To
1618–28 Chettha II
1603–18 Barom Reachea IV
1600–03 Chao Ponhea Nhom
1599–1600 Barom Reachea III
1596–9 Barom Reachea II
1594–6 Reamea Chung Prei
1576–94 Chettha I
1566–76 Barom Reachea I
1516–66 Ang Chan I
1512–16 Nay Kan
1486–1512 Srey Sukonthor
1444–86 Dharmarajadhiraja
1429–44 Sodaiya
1404–29 Narayana Ramadhipati
1389–1404 Paramarajadhiraja
c.1387–89 Dharmasokaraja
c.1377–c.1387 Kambudjadhiraja
c.1371–c.1377 Kalamegha
c.1362–c.1371 Nirvanapada
c.1353–c.1362 Period of instability
Angkor Kings
1327–c.1353 Jayavarmadiparamesvara
1308–27 Indrajayavarman
1295–1308 Indravarman III
1243–95 Jayavarman VIII
c.1219–43 Indravarman II
1166–81 Tribhuvanadityavarman
1160–6 Yasovarman II
1150–60 Dharanindravarman I
1113–50 Suryavarman II
1107–1113 Dharanindravarman I
1080–1107 Jayavarman VI
1066–80 Harshavarman III
1050–66 Udayadityavarman II
1002–50 Suryavarman I
1002 Jayaviravarman
1001–02 Udayadityavarman I
968–1001 Jayavarman V
944–68 Rajendravarman
942–4 Harshavarman II
928–42 Jayavarman IV
900–c.922 Harshavarman I
889–900 Yasovarman I
877–89 Indravarman I
850–77 Jayavarman III
802–50 Jayavarman II
c.922–8 Isanavarman II

Head of Governement (Prime Minister)

1998– Hun Sen
1997–8 Ing Huot (joint)
1993–7 Norodom Ranariddh (joint)
1993–8 Hun Sen (joint)
1991–3 No Prime Minister Interim Government
1982–91 Son Sann Government in exile
1985–91 Hun Sen
1981–5 Chan Si
1979–81 Khieu Samphan
1976–9 Pol Pot
1975–6 Samdech Penn Nouth
1973 In Tam
1973–5 Long Boret
1972 Sisovath Sirik Matak
1972 Son Ngoc Thanh
1972–3 Hang Thun Hak
1970–3 Samdech Penn Nouth Governemtn in exile
1969–72 Lon Nol
1968–9 Samdech Penn Nouth
1967–8 Norodom Sihanouk
1966–7 Lon Nol
1963–6 Norodom Kantol
1961 Samdech Penn Nouth
1961–3 Norodom Sihanouk
1960–1 Pho Proung
1958 Ek Yi Oun
1958 Samdech Penn Nouth Acting
1958 Sim Var
1958–60 Norodom Sihanouk
1957–8 Sim Var
1956 Oum Chheang Sun
1956 Norodom Sihanouk
1956 Khim Tit
1956 Norodom Sihanouk
1956 Sam Yun
1956–7 Norodom Sihanouk
1955–6 Norodom Sihanouk
1954–5 Leng Ngeth
1953 Samdech Penn Nouth
1953–4 Chan Nak
1952–3 As King
1951 Son Ngoc Thanh
1951–2 Huy Kanthoul
1949–51 Prince Monipong
1948–9 Son Ngoc Thanh
1946–8 Prince Monireth
1945–6 Son Ngoc Thanh

Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation whose landscape spans low-lying plains, the Mekong Delta, mountains and Gulf of Thailand coastline. Its busy capital, Phnom Penh, is home to the art deco Central Market, glittering Royal Palace and the National Museum's historical and archaeological exhibits. In the country's northwest lie ruins of Angkor Wat, a massive stone temple complex built during the Khmer Empire. Capital: Phnom Penh Currency: Cambodian riel Population: 15.14 million (2013) World Bank King: Norodom Sihamoni Official language: Khmer

 

 

Official name (from 1993) of the Kingdom of Cambodia, the Khmer Preah access Anna Buck Kampuchea. Formerly Kampuchea (1975-1989) and the Khmer Republic (1970-5) Local name Cambodia All times are GMT + 7 181 035 square kilometers area / 69 879 square miles Total population (2002e) 13 414 000 Kingdom Center Date of Independence in 1953 Phnom Penh, the capital, Languages ​​Khmer (official), French Khmer ethnic groups (93%), and Chinese (3%), Sham (2%) Religions Theravada Buddhism (88%), and Muslim (2%) Physical properties Kingdom in Southeast Asia. E crossed by flooding of the Mekong River R; Cardamom mountain range 160 km…

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